NELSON MANDELA, with his exceptional profile and leadership, achieved extraordinary journey from his very modest origins to the Presidency of South Africa. Such a journey was unpredictable, given the “Apartheid” system, which he opposed, first peacefully, then violently, causing his imprisonment. He was released 27 years later, received the Nobel Prize for Peace and brought down “Apartheid” when he was elected President of the Country. Surprizingly, he proposed for Whites, Blacks and Metis, a remarkable experience of “Reconciliation” , created institutions to prevent a civil war and mostly to develop a single national identity for South Africans: a “Rainbow” identity.
© Alice Labrèque and Jean Routier, 2013